The Current Opinion journals were developed out of the recognition that it is increasingly difficult for specialists to keep up to date with the expanding volume of information published in their subject. Elsevier’s Current Opinion journals comprise of 26 leading titles in life sciences and adjacent fields.

Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science

5-Year Impact Factor: 7.509
Issues per year: 6 issues
Editorial Board

Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science

Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science aims to provide a snapshot of the latest research and advances in materials science. Every year, in six issues, Current Opinion in Solid State & Materials Science publishes a series of reviews covering the most exciting and developing areas of materials science. Each issue contains 2-3 sections of reviews commissioned by international researchers who are experts in their fields. The result is a journal that gives the materials scientist the opportunity to keep informed of all the current developments in their own, and related, areas of research, ensuring the cross⊣fertilization of ideas across an increasingly interdisciplinary field.

Topics covered regularly include: Electronic Materials, Solid Catalysts and Porous Solids, Synthesis and Reactivity of Solids, Optical and Magnetic Materials, Metals and Alloys, Biomaterials, Characterization Techniques, Amorphous Materials, Molecular Crystals, Surface Science, Ceramics, Composites and Intergrowths, Modelling and Simulation of Solids, Polymers. Special issues containing 'one-off' sections on other important areas will also appear.

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Best Cited over the last year.

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Grain boundary segregation engineering in metallic alloys: A pathway to the design of interfaces

Grain boundaries influence mechanical, functional, and kinetic properties of metallic alloys. They can be manipulated via solute decoration enabling changes in energy, mobility, structure, and cohesion or even promoting local phase transformation. In the approach which we refer here to as 'segregation engineering' solute decoration is not regarded as an undesired phenomenon but is instead utilized to manipulate specific grain boundary structures, compositions and properties that enable useful…

Volume 18, Issue 4, 01 January 2014, Pp 253-261
D. Raabe | M. Herbig | S. Sandlöbes | Y. Li | D. Tytko | M. Kuzmina | D. Ponge | P. P. Choi

A review of recent developments of friction modifiers for liquid lubricants (2007-present)

Due to the increasing demand of low emission and fuel economy, friction modifiers have been widely used in lubricating compositions to adjust friction and wear properties of lubricants. Recent achievements in the application of friction modifiers for liquid lubricants (2007-present) are reviewed in this paper. There are three types of friction modifiers for liquid lubricants: organomolybdenum compounds, organic friction modifiers, as well as nanoparticles. The tribological properties and…

Volume 18, Issue 3, 01 January 2014, Pp 119-139
Zhenglin Tang | Shaohui Li

Corrosion mechanism and hydrogen evolution on Mg

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Magnesium (Mg) dissolution is distinct from other engineering metals, as Mg can support cathodic hydrogen evolution on its surface during anodic polarisation. The phenomenon of cathodic hydrogen evolution upon anodically polarised Mg is characterised by the rate of the hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) increasing with anodic polarisation, a phenomenon called the negative different effect (NDE). Mg has a tendency to aggressively corrode in aqueous…

Volume 19, Issue 2, 01 January 2015, Pp 85-94
S. Thomas | N. V. Medhekar | G. S. Frankel | N. Birbilis

An amorphous oxide semiconductor thin-film transistor route to oxide electronics

Amorphous oxide semiconductor (AOS) thin-film transistors (TFTs) invented only one decade ago are now being commercialized for active-matrix liquid crystal display (AMLCD) backplane applications. They also appear to be well positioned for other flat-panel display applications such as active-matrix organic light-emitting diode (AMOLED) applications, electrophoretic displays, and transparent displays. The objectives of this contribution are to overview AOS materials design; assess indium gallium…

Volume 18, Issue 2, 01 January 2014, Pp 53-61
John F. Wager | Bao Yeh | Randy L. Hoffman | Douglas A. Keszler

Dislocation interactions with grain boundaries

Recent progress in understanding dislocation interactions with grain boundaries and interfaces in metallic systems via static and in situ dynamic experimental approaches is reviewed. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Volume 18, Issue 4, 01 January 2014, Pp 227-243
Josh Kacher | B. P. Eftink | B. Cui | I. M. Robertson

Considerations for choosing and using force fields and interatomic potentials in materials science and engineering

Atomistic simulations are increasingly important in scientific and engineering applications. However, the chosen force field affects the simulation results, sometimes significantly. In this paper, we give some examples of this dependence and outline a set of considerations in the use of force fields, also known as interatomic potentials. It is hoped that this will help users and the wider simulation community better judge the force fields themselves and results derived from their use. © 2013…

Volume 17, Issue 6, 01 December 2013, Pp 277-283
Chandler A. Becker | Francesca Tavazza | Zachary T. Trautt | Robert A. Buarque De Macedo

Magnesium-containing bioactive polycrystalline silicate-based ceramics and glass-ceramics for biomedical applications

With improvement of orthopaedic technologies for bone replacement and regeneration, there is an increasing need for materials with superior properties. Mg-containing silicate ceramics and glass-ceramics have been shown to be bioactive and exhibit various advantages for biomedical applications. This review paper is intended to summarize and discuss the most relevant studies carried out in the field of Mg-containing bioactive silicate ceramics and glass-ceramics. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights…

Volume 18, Issue 3, 01 January 2014, Pp 147-167
Mani Diba | Ourania Menti Goudouri | Felipe Tapia | Aldo R. Boccaccini

Antimicrobial peptides and induced membrane curvature: Geometry, coordination chemistry, and molecular engineering

Short cationic, amphipathic antimicrobial peptides are multi-functional molecules that have roles in host defense as direct microbicides and modulators of the immune response. While a general mechanism of microbicidal activity involves the selective disruption and permeabilization of cell membranes, the relationships between peptide sequence and membrane activity are still under investigation. Here, we review the diverse functions that AMPs collectively have in host defense, and show that these…

Volume 17, Issue 4, 01 August 2013, Pp 151-163
Nathan W. Schmidt | Gerard C.L. Wong

Grain boundaries and interfaces in slip transfer

The effect of slip transfer on heterogeneous deformation of polycrystals has been a topic of recurring interest, as this process can either lead to the nucleation of damage, or prevent nucleation of damage. This paper examines recent experimental characterization of slip transfer in tantalum, TiAl, and Ti alloys. The methods used to analyze and assess evidence for the occurrence of slip transfer are discussed. Comparisons between a characterized and simulated patch of microstructure are used to…

Volume 18, Issue 4, 01 January 2014, Pp 212-226
T. R. Bieler | P. Eisenlohr | C. Zhang | H. J. Phukan | M. A. Crimp

Low temperature co-fired ceramics with ultra-low sintering temperature: A review

© 2016 Elsevier Ltd. The recent rapid advances in wireless telecommunication, Internet of Things, the Tactile Internet (5th generation wireless systems), the Industrial Internet, electronic warfare, satellite broadcasting, and intelligent transport systems demand low loss dielectric materials with ultra-low sintering temperatures with modern component fabrication techniques. Properties of microwave ceramics depend on several parameters including their composition, the purity of starting…

Volume 20, Issue 3, 01 June 2016, Pp 151-170
Mailadil Thomas Sebastian | Hong Wang | Heli Jantunen

Mechanics of stretchable batteries and supercapacitors

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Abstract The last decade has witnessed fast developments and substantial achievements that have been shaping the field of stretchable electronics. Due to a persistent need of equally stretchable power sources, especially for some emerging bio-integrated applications enabled by this unusual class of electronics, stretchable energy storage systems have been attracting increasing attentions in the past few years. This article reviews the mechanics of stretchable batteries and…

Volume 19, Issue 3, 01 June 2015, Pp 190-199
Yihui Zhang | Yonggang Huang | John A. Rogers

The role of electronic energy loss in ion beam modification of materials

© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. The interaction of energetic ions with solids results in energy loss to both atomic nuclei and electrons in the solid. In this article, recent advances in understanding and modeling the additive and competitive effects of nuclear and electronic energy loss on the response of materials to ion irradiation are reviewed. Experimental methods and large-scale atomistic simulations are used to study the separate and combined effects of nuclear and electronic…

Volume 19, Issue 1, 01 January 2015, Pp 1-11
William J. Weber | Dorothy M. Duffy | Lionel Thomé | Yanwen Zhang

High temperature nanoindentation: The state of the art and future challenges

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Nanoindentation measurement capabilities at elevated temperatures have developed considerably over the last two decades. Commercially available systems can now perform stable indentation testing at temperatures up to ∼800 °C with thermal drift levels similar to those present at room temperature. The thermal management and measurement techniques necessary to achieve this are discussed here, with particular emphasis on systems featuring independent heating of both the…

Volume 19, Issue 6, 01 January 2015, Pp 354-366
J. M. Wheeler | D. E.J. Armstrong | W. Heinz | R. Schwaiger

Polyoxometalate modified inorganic-organic nanocomposite materials for energy storage applications: A review

Modification of organic substrates with inorganic polyoxometalate (POM) clusters can be used to engineer nanocomposite materials with improved properties and diverse functionalities. This review will outline concepts and methodologies for fabricating POM based inorganic-organic composite materials with a special focus on the electrochemical functionality of these composites for energy storage applications. The strengths and limitations of three different fabrication techniques, chemisorption to…

Volume 19, Issue 2, 01 January 2015, Pp 126-137
Matthew Genovese | Keryn Lian

Atom Probe Tomography and field evaporation of insulators and semiconductors: Theoretical issues

After reviewing the physics and chemistry in high electrostatic fields and summarizing the theoretical results for Atom Probe Tomography of metallic tips, we turn to the new challenges associated with insulators and semiconductors with regard to local fields inside and on the surface of such materials. The recent (theoretical) discovery that in high fields the band gap in these materials is drastically reduced to the point where at the evaporation field strength it vanishes will be crucial in…

Volume 17, Issue 5, 01 October 2013, Pp 211-216
Elena P. Silaeva | Markus Karahka | H. J. Kreuzer

Strain hardening in nanolayered thin films

Experimental results indicate that metal-ceramic multilayered thin films have unusual properties such as high strength, measurable plasticity and high strain hardening rate when both layers are nanoscale. Furthermore, the strength and strain hardening rate show a pronounced size effect, depending not only on the layer thickness but also on the layer thickness ratio. We analyze the strain hardening behavior of nanoscale multilayers using a three-dimensional crystal elastic-plastic model (3DCEPM)…

Volume 18, Issue 1, 01 February 2014, Pp 19-28
J. Wang | A. Misra

Atom probe tomography spatial reconstruction: Status and directions

In this review we present an overview of the current atom probe tomography spatial data reconstruction paradigm, and explore some potential routes to improve the current methodology in order to yield a more accurate representation of nanoscale microstructure. Many of these potential improvement methods are directly tied to extensive application of advanced numerical methods, which are also very briefly reviewed. We have described effects resulting from the application of the standard model and…

Volume 17, Issue 5, 01 October 2013, Pp 236-247
D. J. Larson | B. Gault | B. P. Geiser | F. De Geuser | F. Vurpillot

Progress in electron tomography to assess the 3D nanostructure of catalysts

The activity, selectivity and stability of solid catalysts depend critically on the details of their structure at all relevant length scales. Electron tomography (or 3D-TEM) has emerged as a powerful technique for nanostructural characterization. In this review we highlight recent advances in the field of electron tomography for the analysis of solid catalyst. Several examples demonstrate how unique quantitative information can be derived on relevant structural properties such as pore…

Volume 17, Issue 3, 01 June 2013, Pp 115-125
Jovana Zečević | Krijn P. De Jong | Petra E. De Jongh

Laser pulsing of field evaporation in atom probe tomography

The processes by which field evaporation in an atom probe is momentarily stimulated by impingement of a laser beam on a specimen are considered. For metals, the dominant and perhaps only sensible mechanism is energy absorption leading to thermal pulsing, which has been well established. The energy of a laser beam is absorbed in a thin optical skin depth on the surface of the specimen. For materials with a band gap such as semiconductors and dielectrics, it is found that energy absorption in a…

Volume 18, Issue 2, 01 January 2014, Pp 81-89
Thomas F. Kelly | Angela Vella | Joseph H. Bunton | Jonathan Houard | Elena P. Silaeva | Janusz Bogdanowicz | Wilfried Vandervorst

New opportunities for quantitative tracking of polycrystal responses in three dimensions

An important advance in understanding the mechanics of solids over the last 50 years has been development of a suite of models that describe the performance of engineering materials while accounting for internal fluctuations and anisotropies (ex., anisotropic response of grains) over a hierarchy of length scales. Only limited engineering adoption of these tools has occurred, however, because of the lack of measured material responses at the length scales where the models are cast. Here, we…

Volume 19, Issue 4, 01 January 2015, Pp 235-244
Jay C. Schuren | Paul A. Shade | Joel V. Bernier | Shiu Fai Li | Basil Blank | Jonathan Lind | Peter Kenesei | Ulrich Lienert | Robert M. Suter | Todd J. Turner | Dennis M. Dimiduk | Jonathan Almer

Interfacial coupling in heteroepitaxial vertically aligned nanocomposite thin films: From lateral to vertical control

Very recently, vertically aligned nanocomposite (VAN) thin films have served as an intriguing platform to obtain significant insights of the fundamental physics and achieve novel functionalities for potential technological applications. In this review article, we have investigated the lattice mismatch and vertical interfacial coupling in representative VAN systems for probing strain engineering in the vertical direction. Systematic studies of ferroelectricity, low field magnetoresistance and…

Volume 18, Issue 1, 01 February 2014, Pp 6-18
Wenrui Zhang | Aiping Chen | Zhenxing Bi | Quanxi Jia | Judith L. Macmanus-Driscoll | Haiyan Wang

Multiscale fiber-reinforced thermoplastic composites incorporating carbon nanotubes: A review

This article reviews recent literature on hierarchical thermoplastic-based composites that simultaneously incorporate carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and conventional microscale fibers, and discusses the structure- property relationships of the resulting hybrids. The mixing of multiple and multiscale constituents enables the preparation of materials with new or improved properties due to synergistic effects. By exploiting the outstanding mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of CNTs, a new…

Volume 18, Issue 2, 01 January 2014, Pp 62-80
Ana M. Díez-Pascual | Mohammed Naffakh | Carlos Marco | Marián A. Gómez-Fatou | Gary J. Ellis

Measurement of fracture toughness by nanoindentation methods: Recent advances and future challenges

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. In this paper, we describe recent advances and developments for the measurement of fracture toughness at small scales by the use of nanoindentation-based methods including techniques based on micro-cantilever, beam bending and micro-pillar splitting. A critical comparison of the techniques is made by testing a selected group of bulk and thin film materials. For pillar splitting, cohesive zone finite element simulations are used to validate a simple relationship between the…

Volume 19, Issue 6, 01 January 2015, Pp 324-333
M. Sebastiani | K. E. Johanns | E. G. Herbert | G. M. Pharr

Atomistic simulations of metallic microstructures

This paper reviews recent results in the simulation of the mechanical response of metallic microstructures at the atomic level. The role of the grain boundary network in deformation process is the concentration of this paper as studied by virtual tensile and nanoindentation tests. The grain boundary network is found to contribute to plastic deformation through the process of dislocation nucleation, absorption and transmission, as well as grain boundary accommodation mechanisms such as grain…

Volume 17, Issue 6, 01 December 2013, Pp 284-297
Diana Farkas

Eutectic and peritectic solidification patterns

© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Recent advances in the understanding of eutectic and peritectic two-phase pattern formation under purely diffusive transport are reviewed. The parallel progress of two key techniques, namely, in situ experimentation with model, low-melting transparent and metallic alloys in thin and bulk samples, and numerical phase-field simulations, is highlighted. Experiments and simulations are interpreted in the light of the theory of non-equilibrium pattern…

Volume 20, Issue 1, 01 February 2016, Pp 46-54
Silvère Akamatsu | Mathis Plapp