The Current Opinion journals were developed out of the recognition that it is increasingly difficult for specialists to keep up to date with the expanding volume of information published in their subject. Elsevier’s Current Opinion journals comprise of 26 leading titles in life sciences and adjacent fields.

Current Opinion in Insect Science

5-Year Impact Factor: 3.660
Issues per year: 6 issues
Editorial Board

Current Opinion in Insect Science

Current Opinion in Insect Science is a new systematic review journal that aims to provide specialists with a unique and educational platform to keep up–to–date with the expanding volume of information published in the field of Insect Science. As this is such a broad discipline, we have determined themed sections each of which is reviewed once a year.

The following 11 areas are covered by Current Opinion in Insect Science.

  • Ecology
  • Insect genomics
  • Global Change Biology
  • Molecular Physiology (Including Immunity)
  • Pests and Resistance
  • Parasites, Parasitoids and Biological Control
  • Behavioural Ecology
  • Development and Regulation
  • Social Insects
  • Neuroscience
  • Vectors and Medical and Veterinary Entomology

There is also a section that changes every year to reflect hot topics in the field.

Section Editors, who are major authorities in their area, are appointed by the Editors of the journal. They divide their section into a number of topics, ensuring that the field is comprehensively covered and that all issues of current importance are emphasized. Section Editors commission articles from leading scientists on each topic that they have selected and the commissioned authors write short review articles in which they present recent developments in their subject, emphasizing the aspects that, in their opinion, are most important. In addition, they provide short annotations to the papers that they consider to be most interesting from all those published in their topic over the previous year.

Best Cited over the last year.

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Honey bee colony losses and associated viruses

� 2015 Elsevier Inc. Recent large-scale colony losses among managed Western honey bees (Apis mellifera) have alarmed researchers and apiculturists alike. Here, the existing correlative evidence provided by monitoring studies is reviewed which (i) identified members of the deformed wing virus and acute bee paralysis virus clades as lethal pathogens for entire colonies, and (ii) identified novel viruses whose impact on honey bee health remains elusive. Also discussed in this review is related…

Volume 8, Issue , 01 April 2015, Pp 121-129
Alexander J. McMenamin | Elke Genersch

Bee nutrition and floral resource restoration

© 2015 Elsevier Inc. Bee-population declines are linked to nutritional shortages caused by land-use intensification, which reduces diversity and abundance of host-plant species. Bees require nectar and pollen floral resources that provide necessary carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, and micronutrients for survival, reproduction, and resilience to stress. However, nectar and pollen nutritional quality varies widely among host-plant species, which in turn influences how bees forage to obtain their…

Volume 10, Issue , 11 June 2015, Pp 133-141
Anthony D. Vaudo | John F. Tooker | Christina M. Grozinger | Harland M. Patch

Peripheral olfactory signaling in insects

© 2014 Elsevier Inc. Olfactory signaling is a crucial component in the life history of insects. The development of precise and parallel mechanisms to analyze the tremendous amount of chemical information from the environment and other sources has been essential to their evolutionary success. Considerable progress has been made in the study of insect olfaction fueled by bioinformatics-based utilization of genomics along with rapid advances in functional analyses. Here we review recent progress…

Volume 6, Issue , 01 January 2014, Pp 86-92
Eunho Suh | Jonathan D. Bohbot | Laurence J. Zwiebel

Genomics of the honey bee microbiome

The guts of honey bee workers contain a distinctive community of bacterial species. They are microaerophilic or anaerobic, and were not clearly deliniated by earlier studies relying on laboratory culture of isolates under atmospheric oxygen levels. Recently, a more complete picture of the potential metabolism and functions of these bacteria have been possible, using genomic approaches based on metagenomic samples, as well as cultured isolates. Of these, most are host-restricted and are…

Volume 10, Issue , 28 April 2015, Pp 22-28
Nancy A. Moran

Xenobiotic detoxification pathways in honey bees

© 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Relative to most other insect genomes, the western honey bee Apis mellifera has a deficit of detoxification genes spanning Phase I (functionalization), II (conjugation) and III (excretion) gene families. Although honeybees do not display across-the-board greater sensitivity to pesticides, this deficit may render them vulnerable to synergistic interactions among xenobiotics. Diet quality, in terms of protein and phytochemical content, has a pronounced…

Volume 10, Issue , 16 May 2015, Pp 51-58
May R. Berenbaum | Reed M. Johnson

RNA interference in Colorado potato beetle: Steps toward development of dsRNA as a commercial insecticide

© 2014 Elsevier Inc. Colorado potato beetle (CPB) is a notorious pest on potatoes and has a remarkable ability to detoxify plant chemicals and develop resistance against insecticides. dsRNA targeting CPB genes could be expressed in potato plants to control this pest. However, previous attempts at introducing transgenic potato plants to control CPB were not highly successful. Recent studies showed that feeding dsRNA expressed in bacteria works very well to kill CPB. To realize the potential of…

Volume 6, Issue , 01 January 2014, Pp 1-8
Subba Reddy Palli

The mosquito microbiota influences vector competence for human pathogens

© 2014 Elsevier Inc. The midgut of insect vectors of human disease contains not only pathogens harmful to human health, but also a diverse microbiota. This microbiota can influence insects' susceptibility to human pathogens, and the capacity to transmit them, through different mechanisms. Understanding the interaction between the vector, its microbiota and transmitted pathogens will provide novel opportunities to limit disease transmission.

Volume 3, Issue , 01 January 2014, Pp 6-13
Nathan J. Dennison | Natapong Jupatanakul | George Dimopoulos

Molecular basis of juvenile hormone signaling

© 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Despite important roles played by juvenile hormone (JH) in insects, the mechanisms underlying its action were until recently unknown. A breakthrough has been the demonstration that the bHLH-PAS protein Met is an intracellular receptor for JH. Binding of JH to Met triggers dimerization of Met with its partner protein Tai, and the resulting complex i nduces transcription of target genes. In addition, JH can potentiate this response by phosphorylating Met…

Volume 11, Issue , 09 October 2015, Pp 39-46
Marek Jindra | Xavier Bellés | Tetsuro Shinoda

Clip-domain serine proteases as immune factors in insect hemolymph

© 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. CLIP proteases are non-digestive serine proteases present in hemolymph of insects and other arthropods. They are composed of one or more amino-terminal clip domains followed by a linker sequence and a carboxyl-terminal S1A family serine protease domain. The genes for CLIP proteases have evolved as four clades (CLIPA, CLIPB, CLIPC, CLIPD), each present as multigene families in insect genomes. CLIP proteases in hemolymph function in innate immune…

Volume 11, Issue , 01 October 2015, Pp 47-55
Michael R. Kanost | Haobo Jiang

Back to the future: the sterile insect technique against mosquito disease vectors

© 2015 The Authors. With the global burden of mosquito-borne diseases increasing, and some conventional vector control tools losing effectiveness, the sterile insect technique (SIT) is a potential new tool in the arsenal. Equipment and protocols have been developed and validated for efficient mass-rearing, irradiation and release of Aedines and Anophelines that could be useful for several control approaches. Assessment of male quality is becoming more sophisticated, and several groups are well…

Volume 10, Issue , 11 June 2015, Pp 156-162
Rosemary Susan Lees | Jeremie RL Gilles | Jorge Hendrichs | Marc JB Vreysen | Kostas Bourtzis

Pigment-dispersing factor signaling and circadian rhythms in insect locomotor activity

Though expressed in relatively few neurons in insect nervous systems, pigment-dispersing factor (PDF) plays many roles in the control of behavior and physiology. PDF's role in circadian timekeeping is its best-understood function and the focus of this review. Here we recount the isolation and characterization of insect PDFs, review the evidence that PDF acts as a circadian clock output factor, and discuss emerging models of how PDF functions within circadian clock neuron network of Drosophila,…

Volume 1, Issue , 01 January 2014, Pp 73-80
Orie T. Shafer | Zepeng Yao

Mosquito hemocyte-mediated immune responses

© 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Hemocytes are a key component of the mosquito immune system that kill pathogens via phagocytic, lytic and melanization pathways. Individual mosquitoes contain between 500 and 4000 hemocytes, which are divided into three populations named granulocytes, oenocytoids and prohemocytes. Hemocytes can also be divided by their anatomical location with 75% of hemocytes circulating in the hemocoel (circulating hemocytes) and 25% of hemocytes attaching themselves…

Volume 3, Issue , 01 January 2014, Pp 14-21
Julián F. Hillyer | Michael R. Strand

Integrating behavioral, population and large-scale approaches for understanding stream insect communities

Stream insects are ubiquitous in running waters, show high diversity in terms of species numbers, form and function, have key roles in ecosystem processes, and are thereby important components of ecological research. Here, we emphasize that the integration of behavior, population-level processes and large-scale constraints, such as the history of the regional species pool, drainage basin morphology and environmental conditions, may be key to increasing our understanding of how stream insect…

Volume 2, Issue , 01 January 2014, Pp 7-13
Jani Heino | Barbara L. Peckarsky

Molecular mechanisms of insect adaptation to plant secondary compounds

© 2015 Elsevier Inc. During feeding, herbivorous insects are exposed to an array of plant defensive compounds. In this review, we examine molecular mechanisms of insect adaptation to these toxic metabolites. We discuss both the importance of evolutionary variation of existing detoxification gene families, as well as the evolution of novel mechanisms through gene recruitment, neofunctionalization and horizontal gene transfer. The ability of insects to cope with the chemical diversity of their…

Volume 8, Issue , 01 April 2015, Pp 8-14
Hanna M. Heidel-Fischer | Heiko Vogel

Antiviral defense mechanisms in honey bees

© 2015 The Authors. Honey bees are significant pollinators of agricultural crops and other important plant species. High annual losses of honey bee colonies in North America and in some parts of Europe have profound ecological and economic implications. Colony losses have been attributed to multiple factors including RNA viruses, thus understanding bee antiviral defense mechanisms may result in the development of strategies that mitigate colony losses. Honey bee antiviral defense mechanisms…

Volume 10, Issue , 01 August 2015, Pp 71-82
Laura M. Brutscher | Katie F. Daughenbaugh | Michelle L. Flenniken

How resident microbes modulate ecologically-important traits of insects

© 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. The microbiota inhabiting insects influence a wide range of ecologically-important traits. In addition to their betterknown roles in nutrient provisioning and degrading plant polymers, there is emerging evidence that microorganisms also aid herbivores in countering plant defenses. The latter can be mediated by enzymes that degrade plant allelochemicals or via the modulation of plant signaling pathways. Symbionts are also increasingly recognized to…

Volume 4, Issue 1, 01 January 2014, Pp 1-7
Kerry M. Oliver | Adam J. Martinez

The enigmatic reception of DEET - The gold standard of insect repellents

© 2014 Elsevier Inc. Repellents are important prophylactic tools for travelers and populations living in endemic areas of malaria, dengue, encephalitis, and other vector-borne diseases. DEET is a safe, broad spectrum repellent, which provides complete protection over a long period of time. Despite its low cost, more affordable alternatives are highly desirable, particularly for those in endemic areas where cost is an impediment. Alternative compounds like IR 3535 and picaridin have been…

Volume 6, Issue , 01 January 2014, Pp 93-98
Walter S. Leal

RNA interference-mediated antiviral defense in insects

� 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Abstract Small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated RNA interference (RNAi) pathways are critical for the detection and inhibition of RNA virus replication in insects. Recent work has also implicated RNAi pathways in the establishment of persistent virus infections and in the control of DNA virus replication. Accumulating evidence suggests that diverse double-stranded RNAs produced by RNA and DNA viruses can trigger RNAi responses yet many viruses have…

Volume 8, Issue , 01 April 2015, Pp 111-120
Don B. Gammon | Craig C. Mello

Plant diversity effects on insect herbivores and their natural enemies: Current thinking, recent findings, and future directions

© 2015 Elsevier Inc. A rich body of theory has been developed to predict the effects of plant diversity on communities at higher trophic levels and the mechanisms underpinning such effects. However, there are currently a number of key gaps in knowledge that have hindered the development of a predictive framework of plant diversity effects on consumers. For instance, we still know very little about how the magnitude of plant trait variation (e.g. intra-specific vs. inter-specific), as well as…

Volume 14, Issue , 01 April 2016, Pp 1-7
Xoaquín Moreira | Luis Abdala-Roberts | Sergio Rasmann | Bastien Castagneyrol | Kailen A. Mooney

Organisational immunity in social insects

© 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Selection for disease control is believed to have contributed to shape the organisation of insect societies-leading to interaction patterns that mitigate disease transmission risk within colonies, conferring them 'organisational immunity'. Recent studies combining epidemiological models with social network analysis have identified general properties of interaction networks that may hinder propagation of infection within groups. These can be prophylactic…

Volume 5, Issue 1, 01 January 2014, Pp 1-15
Nathalie Stroeymeyt | Barbara Casillas-Pérez | Sylvia Cremer

The molecular ticks of the Drosophila circadian clock

� 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Drosophila is a powerful model to understand the mechanisms underlying circadian rhythms. The Drosophila molecular clock is comprised of transcriptional feedback loops. The expressions of the critical transcriptional activator CLK and its repressors PER and TIM are under tight transcriptional control. However, posttranslational modification of these proteins and regulation of their stability are critical to their function and to the generation of 24-h…

Volume 7, Issue , 01 February 2015, Pp 51-57
Ozgur Tataroglu | Patrick Emery

Nutrition, immunity and viral infections in honey bees

© 2015 Published by Elsevier Inc. Viruses and other pathogens can spread rapidly in social insect colonies from close contacts among nestmates, food sharing and periods of confinement. Here we discuss how honey bees decrease the risk of disease outbreaks by a combination of behaviors (social immunity) and individual immune function. There is a relationship between the effectiveness of social and individual immunity and the nutritional state of the colony. Parasitic Varroa mites undermine the…

Volume 10, Issue , 14 June 2015, Pp 170-176
Gloria DeGrandi-Hoffman | Yanping Chen

The challenge of RNAi-mediated control of hemipterans

© 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All right reserved. The post-transcriptional gene silencing mechanism RNA interference (RNAi) has potential as a crop protection strategy against important pest insects. Here we focus on Hemiptera pests, comprising some of the most devastating pest organisms as aphids, whiteflies, psyllids, bedbugs and kissing bugs. At first, a state-of-the-art overview is provided of the progress in RNAi in Hemiptera, as well as on the challenges when developing new RNAi-based pest control…

Volume 6, Issue , 01 January 2014, Pp 15-21
Olivier Christiaens | Guy Smagghe

Death of the bee hive: Understanding the failure of an insect society

© 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. Since 2007 honey bee colony failure rates overwinter have averaged about 30% across much of North America. In addition, cases of extremely rapid colony failure have been reported, which has been termed colony collapse disorder. Both phenomena result from an increase in the frequency and intensity of chronic diseases and environmental stressors. Colonies are often challenged by multiple stressors, which can interact: for example, pesticides can enhance…

Volume 10, Issue , 28 April 2015, Pp 45-50
Andrew B. Barron

Insects as drivers of ecosystem processes

Insects and other small invertebrates are ubiquitous components of all terrestrial and freshwater food webs, but their cumulative biomass is small relative to plants and microbes. As a result, it is often assumed that these animals make relatively minor contributions to ecosystem processes. Despite their small sizes and cumulative biomass, we suggest that these animal s may commonly have important effects on carbon and nutrient cycling by modulating the quality and quantity of resources that…

Volume 2, Issue , 01 January 2014, Pp 26-32
Louie H. Yang | Claudio Gratton